By Land, By Sea, By Air: Prehistoric Migration Troubles

Author’s Note: The eventualities in just are all those of a timeframe from about 13,000 to 200,000 a long time before the current, and hence way before the period of agricultural settlements. We’re working with our nomadic hunter-gatherer ancestors listed here. Critical dates are: African origin of modern day people, Homo sapiens, at about 200,000 a long time back an Out-of-Africa migration started off about 70,000 a long time back our world-wide colonization (except for Antarctica and Oceania) was concluded by 13,000 a long time back.

When it comes to people, listed here defined as Homo something or other, not automatically just Homo sapiens, colonizing the environment from Floor Zero, that’s Africa, well numerous difficulties occur.

Humans (as in Homo sapiens) originated in Africa and some finally did, gradually, at any time so gradually, migrate Out-of-Africa (not that they in fact were being conscious of this), sooner or later spreading out and colonizing the environment (aside from Antarctica and Oceania east of Australia and west of South The us) by at least 13,000 a long time back. Particularly how is not fully understood, least of all by me. The central, but not unique, challenge I have is with respect to our methods and signifies of investing in being solely nomadic land-lubbers for acquiring innovative maritime abilities as well abilities demanded if our world-wide colonization scenario is to be thought.

Dilemma One: Boats Expected but No Display-Boats Uncovered

When it comes to human migrations, there are sure lands that have been colonized by both Homo sapiens and Homo erectus that concerned crossing moderately broad expanses of ocean – broad at least for all those cultures that existed about 60,000 a long time back, when, for case in point, Australia was colonized by what’s now known as the Australian Aborigine. Even before, Homo erectus island-hopped the various Indonesian islands as attested to by fossil proof. In both situations, these ancient cultures experienced to have obtained fairly in depth boat-creating, sailing and navigation capabilities that would allow a huge adequate inhabitants to cross about the ocean waters, considering that even during Ice Age circumstances, these Indonesian islands, and Australia, were being even now isolated by oceans.

Sailing the oceans blue: that’s a pretty huge talk to for primitive people all all those tens upon tens of hundreds of a long time back. But, you will find a further way of crossing the ocean blue – we do it all the time now. We never sail, we fly. Maybe our ancient ancestors were being flown to Australia and the Indonesian isles! Considering that aerial know-how is even much more outlandish than maritime know-how, well, most likely the aerial know-how belonged to innovative beings – ancient aliens or ancient astronauts. One other observation in favour – there are fossil finds of this or that hominid species at A, B & C. Alas, geographical factors A, B, & C are divided by hundreds upon hundreds of miles. No fossils are observed at any factors in-involving A & B, or B & C. An obvious rationalization, they failed to migrate involving A & B and B & C at numerous tens of kilometres for each era they were being flown from A to B to C, hence outlining the absence of fossils in-involving – but much more about that shortly.

Sooner or later on in your nomadic hunter-gatherer wanderings you’re likely to intersect the seashore! Rivers and streams you can wade across or swim across, maybe use a buoyant log to maintain on to if need to have be. Lakes can be walked all around. But the ocean!!! The oceans offshore must have been terrifying to our very ancient ancestors, and rightly so. The ocean is almost nothing if not unpredictable and perilous: from huge waves, gales, riptides, sturdy currents, razor-sharp rocks and shoals, sharks, jellyfish, hypothermia, and just all sorts of unknowns lurking beneath the surface to include to your terrors. The tides must have seemed to be a purely supernatural manifestation, devoid of natural rationalization, an unexplainable motion of the gods someway expressing “this is our domain, maintain away”.

Would you fairly be significant and dry 10 miles inland or 10 miles out to sea attempting to maintain your head above water and not ending up as fish-foodstuff? It will take way a lot less effort sit on the seashore than to swim or sail in or on the ocean, and it can be a good deal safer as well!

Even more, in most situations with no other land in sight, you have not a clue what’s on the other aspect of the ocean, if anything (maybe it goes on without end and without end), or how much across it is to the other aspect, and in any event you and your band of nomad hunter-gatherers have much more urgent wants, like discovering present day foodstuff and tonight’s shelter. The coastlines and seashores gives an abundance of foodstuff stuffs and resources: shellfish, crabs, turtles, seals, seabirds, fish, even seaweed (dried for gas). Coastlines and seashores are very good.

Are you genuinely likely to end, make a raft and go sailing out into the pure unknown out of pure curiosity, though curiosity you probably have? No, in the everyday hunt for survival you can probably disregard the ocean and just adhere to the coastline – which sooner or later will carry you to most spots. If you come to an impassable barrier, it can be probably less complicated and much safer to trek inland for awhile than divert resources to swimming or rafting all around the barrier with all the hazards that could entail. In any event, it can be not all that east constructing and sailing and navigating a seaworthy boat or raft from scratch devoid of any helpful-dandy how-to guide readily available. Even more, you cannot drink the seawater so freshwater would have to be carried on any hypothetical voyage. Do you have leak-proof containers? If so, how a lot do you need to have to take? Who is familiar with?

There are 4 attainable or realistic routes out of Africa. Even during the Ice Ages when sea stages were being decrease, three require an ocean crossing, which, I propose our ancient ancestors would steer clear of. I feel it is much less complicated, and safer, to just adhere to the coastline, so I choose for the sole land route, up the west coast of the Purple Sea and on up both into the Levant, or back down the east coast of the Purple Sea and on into Arabia. You can adhere to the African coastline ‘Out of Africa’ and sooner or later get to China, but not Australia, or Japan, or heaps of S.E. Asian islands, the Channel Islands (off Southern California), Sri Lanka, etc. However you discover ancient human and human artefact remains in these spots, so our migrating nomadic ancestors clearly did create boats or rafts and sail the ocean blue and fulfill that curiosity, but the true why is unexplained – curiosity is not motive adequate to place you in harms way. The fly in the ointment, in any event, and alas and alack, there are no boats or rafts to be observed, precise remains or pictorial representations, in the prehistoric archaeological history. Boats and rafts are all probable boats and rafts boats and rafts are assumed but nor tested by any precise proof. It really is a sort of’Catch-22′. Boats and rafts must be, however we cannot discover them!

It must be reported that simply because of the Ice Ages, ancient coastlines then are now underwater and presumably related telltale archaeology (as in remains of boats) is hence also underwater. Even so, the challenge remains that I discover it difficult to consider our ancient ancestors would have been brave adequate to adhere their toes in the oceans devoid of a damn very good explanation, however, there were being spots colonized by early man that even at the height of the Ice Ages there existed no land bridges for them to cross about, say to Australia, New Zealand, Oceania, Japan, heaps of S.E. Asian islands, and presumably heaps of other islands, huge and smaller. Summary: That’s a huge anomaly that wants a resolution.

Dilemma Two: Paradise Lost

Crossing the oceans blue is just the start of anomalous migration challenges. If money, language obstacles, cultural discrepancies, political methods, passports and visas, etc. were being of no concern and you could vacation to and are living any place you wished, where by would it be? Well, probably somewhere not as well scorching, not as well cold, not as well damp, nor as well dry, a location where by there are considerable natural resources of foodstuff, clean water, wood, stone, and probably some sort of ascetically satisfying scenery, etc. With the exception of the scenery, all all those other geographical and climatic factors would be even much more urgent for our ancient ancestors with no access to supermarkets, components shops, air conditioning, central heating and tap water on need. So the concern arises, presented a absence of inhabitants tension way back when, a absence of tension not driving migration away from paradise and towards hell, why did some of our ancient ancestors undertake a nomadic way of life in what we’d think about extreme environments, like arid areas, the tundra, etc.? 

As opposed to present day travellers, when our very distant ancestors roamed the plains of Africa, their nomadic wanderings or migrations were being not geography directed. In an period where by there was no radio and Television, newspapers and publications, GPS and the Internet, encyclopaedias and vacation brokers, there was no expertise of what was about the hill, past the horizon. Food items availability directed your travels and migrations. You fatigued 1 patch of turf – you moved on to the up coming, and the up coming, and the up coming in a sort of random drunkards stroll. Logic dictates that even so you failed to wander out of paradise or a explanation facsimile thereof. But sooner or later, like a fall of ink diffusing by means of a glass of water, the rest of the environment, paradise, hell and factors in-involving, bought invaded by our African out-of-towners – an invasive pest species that was to carry total death and destruction in their wake, but that’s a further story. Anyway, why we colonized extremely hostile environments when much more enjoyable possibilities were being readily available wants a resolution.

Dilemma Three: Link the Dots

There are two primary forms of clues that expose our probably migration styles. First of all, there are all those archaeological sites and from all those trained professions can commonly deduce what hominid species was current and from a variety of relationship strategies, when. The challenge is that these sites are all as well couple of and much involving. So, maybe you have an Australian Aboriginal site all around the Perth region (S.W. coast) dated to say 30,000 a long time back. Then say you have a further site all around the Sydney region (S.E.Coastline) dated to 20,000 a long time back. So the conclusion is that some Aborigines migrated from Perth to Sydney about the 10,000 12 months interval. But there is no sites in-involving, so you never genuinely know if they migrated in a straight line involving the two areas or was it all just a total zigzag. It’s possible neither if there is however an undiscovered 3rd site, say in Darwin (mid-North Coastline) from 40,000 a long time back, and some Darwin Aborigines adopted the west coast route to Perth getting 10,000 a long time and some other people the east coast trek to Sydney getting a span of 20,000 a long time. You can just about hook up the dots anyway you damn well remember to if it gives proof to your pet concept.

The next line of proof is making use of mitochondrial DNA observed in modern day people to test and do the job back migration routes. For case in point, if mitochondrial DNA in modern day Australian Aborigines has a closer mitochondrial DNA match to modern day Indonesians than to modern day Fijians, then 1 may conclude that the Aborigines migrated to Australia from Indonesia and not from Fiji. I personally never like this sort of genetic proof. First of all, DNA mutates about time. Evolution would be screwed if it failed to. Secondly, you will find been an dreadful good deal of comings and goings considering that these original Out-of-Africa migrations commenced. Thirdly, you will find been an dreadful good deal of breeding involving the races so that by now hardly anybody is ‘pure’ anything. Still, the industry experts place a good deal of religion in the tests, so who am I to dispute their methods and signifies?

So, how do you get from Point A to Point B tens of hundreds of a long time back when Factors A and B are divided by broad ocean distances? Why do you go from Point A to Point B when Point B is comparatively unwanted? How in point do we genuinely know that Factors A and B are the be-all-and-end-all of start and finish?

Let’s say Point A is wonderful Hawaii, and Point B is the broad arid desert of outback Central Australia. How do you get from A to B? You cannot stroll and adhere to the coastline. You cannot travel or ride a horse. You could create a boat and sail but that’s a hell of a leap of braveness you’ve bought to master, and in any event you have not any plan what path to head in or that Australia even exists. And even if you did, why would you want to leave Hawaii (Website A) for the Australian Outback and if you did get to the Outback (Website B) why wouldn’t you change right all around and head back to Hawaii yet again?

Well, you could be flown non-end from Hawaii to Central Australia. We crossed about ocean obstacles simply because we were being airlifted about them. You could be flown to Central Australia and stranded there. For the identical explanation, we failed to voluntarily undertake the tundra as dwelling – it was compelled on us as an adapt do-or-die experiment. Flight would also describe the absence of related archaeological sites involving A and B. If our ancient ancestors nomadically walked hundreds of miles involving Point A and Point B, you would expect archaeological proof to be observed along the assumed hook up-the-dots route. But if you fly, or are flown, then of system you wouldn’t discover any in-involving sites that contains any related archaeological proof.

Resolutions

Suitable about now every single physical anthropologist looking at this is sticking very long and very sharp pins in J.P. voodoo dolls and contacting me all sorts of unprintable names. Of system our ancient ancestors failed to have the know-how at hand to fly, so of system no flying machines have been observed in the prehistoric archaeological history both. My obvious recommendation listed here is that ancient astronauts, the ‘gods’ of previous (and you will find some proof that even 30,000-50,000 a long time back our ancient ancestors experienced grasped the concept of the supernatural and of supernatural entities), genetically engineered all of the a variety of Homo something or other from before hominids which in change were being artificially chosen and bred from African primates, like the chimpanzee. We collectively, Homo something or other, were being genetically engineered and presented all all those anomalous characteristics associated with Homo something or other, like a super-significant IQ, bipedal gait, racial facial and personal facial uniqueness.

From their central African laboratory, Homo something or other was then dispersed about hundreds of a long time as specific and personal experiments in colonization. We were being transported listed here and there, still left to our individual units to survive or not – sink or swim.  In most situations it was sink and extinction. But, now and yet again, it was survival – we floated and we swam. In the end approximately all of the Homo something or other went kaput, but Homo sapiens reached a constructive result. We were being that strong species (us – modern day people) the end product or service of all of the engineering and colonization experimentation. At that phase, we were being presented or taught the items of civilization, specifically agriculture about 10,000 a long time back then still left petty a lot alone and to our individual units, with only at-a-length surveillance – modern day UFOs – though some experimentation continues – alien abductions.

There are, IMHO, a pair of other anomalies supporting this wacky plan.

One other anomaly, if we are so crash-scorching very good to colonise the environment (aside from Antarctica and Oceania) and cross some ocean obstacles to get to some parts, that’s why completing the task in the Americas by 13,000 a long time back, maybe even way before, why failed to we colonize the Pacific Islands, Oceania east of Australia and west of South The us, until eventually genuinely fairly not long ago – setting up only some about 4000 a long time before the current, ending off with New Zealand (except for Antarctica), past taxi off the rank way just after the start of the Common Period, or A.D. to some. Australia was first populated 50,000 to 60,000 a long time back, and New Zealand is just across the road and about the hill, at least when compared to the length back to our African place of origin. Dependent on supply, it took but 10,000 to 20,000 a long time to get from Africa to Australia, however some 70,000 a long time to get from Africa to New Zealand. Something’s screwy somewhere, but that reinforces the plan that ocean voyages are a comparatively new means of ours, and hence, way back when, we failed to sail cross the oceans blue to Australia, Japan, Sri Lanka, etc. but were being taken there.

Yet another obvious anomaly – whilst it will take but about 60,000 a long time to colonize the environment after we are Out-of-Africa (except Antarctica and Oceania), it took about 130,000 a long time just to get Out-of-Africa, as if something or another person was blocking our route until eventually they were being very good and ready to launch us into the world-wide wild!

Now reviews of aerial machines, flight systems, are not unknown in the archaeological and/or historic history, albeit not prehistorically much back, fairly in the period of recorded ancient background, say the past 10,000 a long time or so. From the ‘Star’ of Bethlehem, to the Wheel of Ezekiel, to the ‘Sun’ and ‘Moon’ that Joshua stood even now (Biblical Mythology) to Vimanas which are Hindu mythological flying machines (legendary self-shifting aerial autos, a flying chariot of the gods) as relevant in a variety of Sanskrit epics to ‘airplane’ models discovered in both ancient Egypt (dated to about 200 BCE) and tiny gold product ‘airplanes’ from Pre-Columbian Mesoamerican and South American areas, relationship from about 500 to 800 CE. Scaled-up replicas of these American and Egyptian ‘aircraft’ have observed them to be aerodynamically flight deserving. There are also no shortages of artwork works from antiquity that at encounter benefit show up to display what now would be named Traveling Saucers, or Daylight Discs, or just simple Unknown Traveling Objects. Ultimately, aerial ‘chariots’ and extremely huge ‘birds’ that ferry the ‘gods’ all around are much more the norm than not in several mythologies.  



Supply by John Prytz

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