Governors, Senators, Diplomats, Jurists, Vice President of the United States (1950s Interviews)



Interviewees:
John Sherman Cooper, politician, jurist, and diplomat from the U.S. point out of Kentucky
Herbert O’Conor, a Democrat, was the 51st Governor of Maryland in the United States from 1939 to 1947. He also served in the United States Senate, representing Maryland from 1947 to 1953.
Homer S. Ferguson, United States Senator from Michigan
Hubert Humphrey, served beneath President Lyndon B. Johnson as the 38th Vice President of the United States. Humphrey 2 times served as a United States Senator from Minnesota, and served as Democratic The vast majority Whip. He was a founder of the Minnesota Democratic-Farmer-Labor Celebration and Us citizens for Democratic Motion. He also served as Mayor of Minneapolis, Minnesota from 1945 to 1948. Humphrey was the nominee of the Democratic Social gathering in the 1968 presidential election but shed to the Republican nominee, Richard Nixon.
Irving Ives, American politician. A member of the Republican Social gathering, he served as a United States Senator from New York from 1947 to 1959. He was earlier a member of the New York Condition Assembly for sixteen several years, serving as Minority Chief (1935), Speaker (1936), and The vast majority Leader (1937–1946). A reasonable Republican, he was identified as a professional in labor and civil legal rights legislation.
John Sparkman, American politician from the U.S. state of Alabama. A Southern Democrat, Sparkman served in the U.S. Household of Representatives and the U.S. Senate from 1937 until eventually 1979. He was the Democratic Party’s nominee for Vice President as Adlai Stevenson’s managing mate in the 1952 U.S. presidential election.
Joseph McCarthy, American politician

Joseph Raymond “Joe” McCarthy (November 14, 1908 — May well 2, 1957) was an American politician who served as a Republican U.S. Senator from the point out of Wisconsin from 1947 until his dying in 1957. Starting in 1950, McCarthy became the most noticeable community encounter of a time period in which Cold War tensions fueled fears of popular Communist subversion. He was noted for earning statements that there ended up huge numbers of Communists and Soviet spies and sympathizers inside the United States federal authorities and somewhere else. Finally, his ways and inability to substantiate his statements led him to be censured by the United States Senate.

The time period McCarthyism, coined in 1950 in reference to McCarthy’s methods, was quickly applied to comparable anti-communist things to do. Currently the time period is made use of far more typically in reference to demagogic, reckless, and unsubstantiated accusations, as nicely as general public assaults on the character and/or patriotism of political opponents.

Born and elevated on a Wisconsin farm, McCarthy attained a law degree at Marquette University in 1935 and was elected as a circuit choose in 1939, the youngest in point out record. At age 33, McCarthy volunteered for the United States Marine Corps and served through Globe War II. He productively ran for the United States Senate in 1946, defeating Robert M. La Follette, Jr. After three largely undistinguished many years in the Senate, McCarthy rose out of the blue to national fame in February 1950 when he asserted in a speech that he experienced a record of “associates of the Communist Bash and users of a spy ring” who were used in the Point out Section. McCarthy was by no means able to demonstrate his sensational charge.

In succeeding several years, McCarthy designed additional accusations of Communist infiltration into the Point out Department, the administration of President Harry S. Truman, Voice of America, and the United States Military. He also utilized costs of communism, communist sympathies, or disloyalty to attack a amount of politicians and other people today within and exterior of government. With the remarkably publicized Army–McCarthy hearings of 1954, McCarthy’s help and reputation faded. On December 2, 1954, the Senate voted to censure Senator McCarthy by a vote of 67 to 22, generating him 1 of the couple senators at any time to be disciplined in this manner. McCarthy died in Bethesda Naval Healthcare facility on Might 2, 1957, at the age of 48. The official induce of demise was acute hepatitis it is extensively approved that this was induced, or at minimum exacerbated, by alcoholism.

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