In his presentation, Ian Goulding talks about “Money, jobs or food. Who needs fisheries and why?” Mr. Goulding was in Iceland on behalf of United Nations University Fisheries Training Programme located in Iceland (www.unuftp.is). The presentation is held in Matís’ HQ in Reykjavík, Iceland.
Too often these days fisheries policy is driven solely by issues of sustainability, ignoring the need for management of the economic contribution of the sector. Ecosystem apart there are only three reasons why fisheries might be important; economics, employment and food security.
The presentation will explore some of the metrics available in each area. Value added activities in fisheries and aquaculture (production as well as distribution) contribute to GDP and export revenue; fisheries provides jobs in fishing as well as up- and downstream activities; in many less developed countries fish consumption makes an important contribution to food security; even in some developed countries the dietary contribution of micronutrients (such as omega-3 fatty PUFAs) may be significant.
Impact assessment of fisheries based on these criteria is required to provide the evidential basis for public policy. A quantitative approach to measuring these impacts is essential for the setting of SMART policy objectives (contributing the M – measurable). Use of dependency ratios, especially when spatially disaggregated (for example percentage of jobs linked to fishing in a province) allows public fisheries investments to be considered in the context of the wider economy. It forces consideration of the indicators (OVNIs) and is an essential adjunct to the logical framework approach to design of interventions (overall objective, specific objectives, results, activities, indicators and assumptions). It provides invaluable tools for comparing investment options to optimise benefits from public investment. A case study form a developing country (Ghana) will be used to illustrate how fisheries employment dependency was measured and mapped in a GIS, and used to provide a rational basis for location of landing site investments.
Ian Goulding is a specialist in fish quality, processing and international aspects of fisheries management. He qualified in the UK as an Environmental Health Officer, has a Masters degree in Food Science and a PhD in Fish Technology and Marketing. He has 30+ years of experience in the fish industry, in quality control, product development, international trade and fish processing, as well as in research, consultancy and training functions.
Since 1986 he has worked as a consultant offering specialist advice and assistance to the fishery sector. He worked for seven years for the UK Government on long term projects in Ecuador and Egypt. He has worked for private companies, as an expert witness and on development projects in Africa, Middle East, South East Asia, South America and Central and Eastern Europe. He has advised the EU on socio-economic impacts of fisheries, fisheries agreements with third countries, IUU fishing controls and sanitary aspects of trade on fishery products. He has been instrumental in helping numerous less developed countries meet sanitary requirements for export of fisheries to international markets.
Since 1994 he has been Managing Director of a fisheries consultancy firm, Megapesca Lda of Portugal, where he has managed more than 500 contracts funded by international development agencies. Ian is a Fellow of the Institute of Food Science and Technology (UK), and Board Member of the International Association of Fish Inspectors. He runs the IAFI Peter Howgate Award for young fish technologists and edits the popular monthly newsletter “Fishfiles Lite” on EU fisheries matters. He has UK and Portuguese nationalities, and speaks English and Portuguese.