Tonle Sap Lake positioned South of Siem Experience City is the most significant lake in Cambodia and performs an integral part in the ecological equilibrium of the place.
In the dry period it is a shallow lake which drains through the Tonle Sap River into the Mekong River at Phnom Penh. Even so this alterations in the June – November monsoon period when the substantial drinking water amount of the Mekong River leads to a reverse move up the Tonle Sap River into the lake location. The inflow increases the dimension of the lake from its small of 2500 sq. kilometres to over 10,000 sq. kilometres. This would make the lake the most significant freshwater lake in the South East Asia through the wet period.
The flooded mangrove forest plains are home to over 100 versions of drinking water birds such as a variety of threatened or endangered species. There are over 200 versions of fish in its waters as nicely as crocodiles in maroques otters and turtles.
The lake is populated with floating villages inhabited by equally Cambodian and Vietnamese communities. The particular person villages are an awesome sight with their floating properties, marketplaces, universities and church buildings. The villagers get paid a dwelling from fishing with their massive fish traps catching plenty of to offer Cambodia with fifty percent of its fish consumption.
1 of more outstanding floating villages is Chong Khneas. It is 12 kilometres south of Siem Experience and is a departure/arrival stage for the Phnom Penh ferry services and also Tone Sap lake tourist excursions.
While this floating village is a nicely regarded landmark, the tuk tuk driver who introduced the team from Siem Experience claimed that fewer tourist oriented villages of Kampong Pluk and Kampong Khleang gave more of an perception into lake life. The two these villages are south of Chong Khneas on the eastern side of the lake. Kampong Khleang is really the most significant floating neighborhood on Tonle Sap .This Vietnamese settlement also has a thriving pottery marketplace as there have been stacks of clay pots in front of most of the properties.
To the west of Chong Khneas at the northern conclude of the lake is the Prek Toal Chook Sanctuary. This reserve is and has been termed the most significant breeding ground in South East Asia for large drinking water birds. Species these kinds of as the Black-headed ibis, spot billed Pelican, Grey headed Fish Eagle, Painted Stock and Millet Stork nest in the location. The sanctuary is most common with chicken watchers in the dry period months when flocks of migratory birds pay a visit to the location.
Throughout the dry period the lake drinking water move reverses with the inflow into the Mekong River providing a vital equilibrium to the river south of Tonle Sap. The new drinking water move into the Mekong Delta of Vietnam presents a buffer to the salt headwaters of the South China Sea moving into the delta’s agricultural lands.